EO challenges and opportunities for the SDGs
The importance of data in development policies and processes is increasingly being emphasized. The United Nations 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development represents a major milestone towards development policies that are data driven and evidence based. Mainstreaming technical innovation to fill data gaps and mobilizing the data revolution to overcome inequalities between data-poor and data-rich countries are high priorities. The integration of geospatial information and Earth Observations with traditional statistical data, combined with new emerging technologies such as big data processing and analytics offer unprecedented opportunities to make a major leap in the capacities of countries to efficiently track all facets of sustainable development. With the recognition that data is at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) comes the reality that the least developed countries will have the most difficulty with the related institutional and technical challenges. The session will address how EO technology and open data policy can become a game-changer for countries to fully achieve their sustainable development goals.
The session will be organised around a number of key presentations from senior EO experts on 5 different aspects of the SDGs where EO is seen as a major sourcer of information: land degradation, agriculture, inland waters, urban and coastal areas. The EO experts will present the current state of the art in EO best practices and address the opportunities and challenges lying ahead for successfully integrating EO technology within the national monitoring and reporting systems on SDGs, leaving no country behind. The experts will address the EO opportunities and challenges from different perspectives, which can be scientific, technical, programmatic, or policy-based. The objective of the session is to raise awareness amongst the EO community on the importance to join efforts to offer robust and cost-effective solutions that help countries better achieve their sustainable development goals, monitor progress towards their targets, inform development policies and ensure accountability and transparency.
- General presentation on the EO Opportunities and challenges for the SDGs (Marc Paganini, ESA)
- EO and Sustainable Agriculture (Pierre Defourny, UCL)
- EO and Land Degradation Neutrality (Michael Cherlet, EC DG-JRC)
- EO and Sustainable Water Management (Christian Tottrup, DHI GRAS)
- EO and Resilient Cities (Sharon Gomez, GAF) – EO and Integrated Coastal Zone Management (Antoine Mangin, ACRI)